Conditionals english grammar and sentences

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There Are 5 CONDITIONALS. Theese Are:

  1. Zero Conditional
  2. Type 1 Conditional
  3. Type 2 Conditional
  4. Type 3 Conditional
  5. Mixed type Conditional

Zero Conditional

The zero conditional is used for when the time being referred to is now or always and the situation is real and possible.

If clauseMain clause
If + simple presentsimple present
If this thing happensthat thing happens.
If you heat iceit melts.
If it rainsthe grass gets wet.

TYPE 1 CONDITIONAL

The type 1 conditional is used to refer to the present or future where the situation is real.

If clauseMain clause
If + simple presentsimple future
If this thing happensthat thing will happen.
If you don’t hurryyou will miss the train.
If it rains todayyou will get wet.

TYPE 2 CONDITIONAL

The type 2 conditional is used to refer to a time that is now or any time, and a situation that is unreal

If clauseMain clause
If + simple pastpresent conditional or present continuous conditional
If this thing happenedthat thing would happen. (but I’m not sure this thing will happen) OR
that thing would be happening.
If you went to bed earlieryou would not be so tired.
If it rainedyou would get wet.
If I spoke ItalianI would be working in Italy.

TYPE 3 CONDITIONAL

The type 3 conditional is used to refer to a time that is in the past, and a situation that is contrary to reality

If clauseMain clause
If + past perfectperfect conditional or perfect continuous conditional
If this thing had happenedthat thing would have happened. (but neither of those things really happened) OR
that thing would have been happening.
If you had studied harderyou would have passed the exam.
If it had rainedyou would have gotten wet.
If I had accepted that promotionI would have been working in Milan.

MIXED TYPE CONDITIONAL

The mixed type conditional is used to refer to a time that is in the past, and a situation that is ongoing into the present.

If clauseMain clause
If + past perfect or simple pastpresent conditional or perfect conditional
If this thing had happenedthat thing would happen. (but this thing didn’t happen so that thing isn’t happening)
If I had worked harder at schoolI would have a better job now.
If we had looked at the mapwe wouldn’t be lost.
If you weren’t afraid of spidersyou would have picked it up and put it outside.
Summary

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